Omar Yousof Mohamed Ali1,*, Eltigani Osman Musa Omer
Faculty of Public Health, Shendi University, Shendi, Sudan,email@example.com
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A cross sectional study was conducted to assess the solid wastes status of the household in Shendi City, Sudan. Questionnaire, interviews and observations were used. Results showed that 30% – 55% of the household produce about a kilogram a day per person, while 22% – 40% generate 5 or more kilograms daily. More than 50% of the household of different classes store their waste at home near the toilet, kitchen or other commodities in the house. Although most of the households were using suitable methods to store their solid waste (covered bins: 03%-09%; and closed plastic bags: 67%- 74%), however, in some of the household the waste stored at the collection point (03%-06%) or other improper methods (05% – 18%). The most common types of solid waste from the household in the study area are accumulation of various municipal wastes (35%-47%), organic matters (32%-41%) and plastics (07% -23%). In conclusion, a daily solid waste generation per capita in Shendi City is relatively high. Uncontrolled collection and indiscriminately storage of the waste can create breeding sites suitable for insect or parasites that may pose risks to public health.
Keywords: Solid wastes, households, Shendi city.